A Hereafter, Judgment, and Allah s.w.t. Must Exist

I was inspired to write this essay after watching the following video, featuring Dr. Zakir Naik (on Peace TV). And I drew my main points from his talk. (So, please consider the main ideas of this essay to be taken from this video…but just put in my own words.) May Allah s.w.t. bless our brother (Dr. Naik) for all he does for the deen, and bless his family, and give them Jannah. Ameen.

If we (as a society) don’t believe in a God and/or in a Hereafter, then we (by necessity) also believe that there will be no justice done to a robber, a murderer, or a rapist who goes unpunished, in this life. In other words, no god/hereafter means no justice for the innumerable wrongs and evils done by people–great or “small.” This life would have absolutely no justice, and therefore, no meaning, without a concept like a Hereafter. Without a concept like a hereafter, the life of this earth cannot be justified. The human narrative would be completely ridiculous, because it would be absurdly unfair, and absolutely meaningless.

We know that many evil actions in this life get rectified (e.g., the perpetrators are penalized, the wronged are compensated, etc.), but many are not. E.g., I think there were a few cases recently of rapists who only got a bit of prison time for their crime…As in; that’s it. We also know of racists who lynched Blacks in the pre-civil rights era of the United States, and who never got a punishment. And we know of Zionists who partake in crimes against humanity against the Palestinian people, and who don’t get punished. And we know of elements of the rich and super-rich exploiting the poor and middle class, again without punishment.
Doesn’t there have to be a penalty for deliberately evil actions and deeds?

We live by that human inclination every day: we prosecute criminals, we hammer down on harassment and abuse (we let the perpetrators of such abuse ‘have it,’ for lack of a better term)…we discipline children who do something wrong (like cheating on a test at school, or hitting their sibling, at home.) We do all of this all of the time (and much more than these three examples). A sense of justice is implanted, embedded, in each and every one of us.

Atheists and agnostics talk about how they don’t believe in God, or in a hereafter, or in anything otherworldly/supernatural like that. (Or are doubtful or on the fence about it.) They also believe firmly in justice and rectifying wrongs, etc. In other words: their overall view is that while justice and fairness is supremely important, there will be no penalty for most crimes and aggressions done on this earth. Because, there is no such thing as a Hereafter, and of a Judgment Day, and of a just God (rather; any God, at all).

That is a logical fallacy/flaw in reasoning (in my opinion): 

They already started with the belief/claim that justice is vital to everything, on earth–that justice must be implemented. But what about the unpunished wrong-doers –the people who will never (or; have never) receive(d) justice, here on earth? (And that is a really large chunk of humanity, by the way. In fact, with research and analysis, one might well come to the conclusion that most harm and cruelty in this earth has not been made up for.) It must logically follow (once one has established the belief that justice must be done (and justice is a unique quality, of course. It is one of those qualities that must, must be there. Like gravity, or, quite similar to the concept of justice, “every action has an equal and opposite reaction.” It is a law, pretty much…the law of justice. It’s just a weird law in that it hardly gets implemented, in our world. But it is, to me, one of those things that is essential to everything.) Anyways; it must logically follow that evil people (the Nazi party during WWII, for example)–will get unbearable punishments, in a concrete hereafter; “Therefore, give admonition in case the admonition profits (the hearer). The admonition will be received by those who fear (Allah). But the wretched one will avoid it – [He] who will [enter and] burn in the greatest Fire, in which he will then neither die, nor live.” (Qur’an. 87:9-13).

And (the follow-up must also be that): every harm or aggression that a person does to another will have to be made up for:

“That Day, the people will depart separated [into categories] to be shown [the result of] their deeds.

So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it (in their record of good and bad actions/deeds),

And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it.”


I don’t think that atheists and agnostics are that blind to this reality-to the fact that (logically) there must be some sort of justice done to everyone. And, no; this isn’t necessarily just a religious viewpoint. It is natural human reasoning and natural human emotion (i.e., aggrievedness and intense indignation) at the idea that the worst and vilest criminals on earth will go off scott-free, after they die.
You know what? I suspect that much of atheists’ and agnostics’ denial or dubiousness on the concept of God and a hereafter has much to do with their belief that it is too good to be true. And I almost agree with them, actually. Look at it, this way (a very accurate summary of the meaning of life/what life is about, according to many of the world’s religions): Live a sad/miserable life (at most 100 years, or so…most people’s fate), die, go to Heaven for all of eternity…and the people who made life miserable for you (in one form or another) will go to Hell, for all of eternity. The righteous people will get to have their cake, and eat it, too, eventually. And the evil ones will have to pay for their actions. The whole thing sounds like a fairy tale. One big fairy tale (in which there is much suffering in the beginning, but a happiness one cannot even begin to imagine, in the end). And you know what? It kind of is. We are all living in a fairy tale. (Except; none of it is not true.)
Here’s a real question, though (the “question” of “is there an afterlife? Is there a God?” is not even a very good question, to me. There obviously is. You just have to think a little bit to come to the answer. An actual question to me would be something like; why even set up a situation in which there would need to be justice? And; why set up a situation in which many, many people will suffer to an intolerable extent? Why? Why does there have to be good and evil (in the first place)? Why does there have to be a Heaven and a Hell? Why couldn’t God just create a species that are all good…whom the idea of injustice in foreign to?
Answer: First of all, in Islam, we do believe that Allah s.w.t. created evil–created people who would become evil, and created Satan, who became evil. (Satan at one point was very good and pious–but he turned evil. In Christianity, this phenomenon is referred to as “the fallen angel.” In Islam, we believe this was because of his feeling of superiority over Adam…his racism, if you will–his feeling of supremacy because of his origins, compared to Adam (I’m not quite sure of the story, in Christianity):
“It is We Who created you (mankind) and gave you shape; then We bade the angels prostrate to Adam, and they prostrated; not so Iblis (Satan); He refused to be of those who prostrate.
(Allah) said: “What prevented thee from prostrating when I commanded thee?” He said: “I am better than he: Thou didst create me from fire, and him from clay.”
[ Allah ] said, “Descend from Paradise, for it is not for you to be arrogant therein. So get out; indeed, you are of the debased.
He said: “Give me respite till the day they are raised up.”
(Allah) said: “Be thou among those who have respite.”
He said: “Because thou hast thrown me out of the way, lo! I will lie in wait for them on thy straight way:
Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful [to You].”
(Allah) said: “Get out from this, disgraced and expelled. If any of them follow thee,- Hell will I fill with you all.
(Qur’an. 7:1-18. https://quran.com ).
Although Allah s.w.t. allowed evil to happen on earth, it does not mean that He is pleased with any of the evil that human beings do.
Here is a (really amazing) video that goes into some detail about this: (I think this video explains it better than I can*);

We as Muslims also believe that Allah s.w.t. did previously create a creation that are all good, and perfect–who never oppress, who never harm anyone or anything, who worship Him with great reverence. These are called the angels (al-mala’ika, in Arabic). (*I think this {creation} can be taken as a hint that Allah s.w.t. knows what He’s doing–that there is great wisdom to His workings. (By the way; one might wonder, reading the verses above, how Satan could even disobey God, seeing as he was an angel…Angels never commit any wrong, or sin. The answer is; we in Islam believe that Satan was not an angel–but a jinni. A creation with free will, just like human beings.)
May Allah s.w.t. let us be in constant remembrance of His supreme Justice that will soon be apportioned upon the oppressors and the criminals. (And may He grant us patience in awaiting His Heaven–His Jannah.) Ameen.
Anything that I have written/said in this essay that is correct is only by the grace of Allah s.w.t. (that I got it right), and any mistakes that I have made are from my own shortcomings. I ask Allah s.w.t. to increase me in knowledge. (ameen.)


Update on November 7, 2017:https://mobile.twitter.com/EtharHamid/status/819595414974431232

– I composed this Tweet last January, 2017. It is an extension of this blog post (on JannahAndMe). The video featured in this Tweet provides a good answer to the “why did God allow such evil to happen in the world 🌎?” question.

-And; here is the video, itself (so, no need to click on the Tweet):

I also found this picture on Pinterest, last year ⬇️: I really like this, as well.

-I’m actually planning on writing a new blog post on why evil and utter misery in the world does not necessarily mean that God does not exist. (*a topic which has been examined and dealt with innumerable times in the past, of course.)

My blog post will draw from the issues talked about in the above videos + some other arguments I’ve heard, in my life.

Insha Allah this humble future blog post will be good reading. Insha Allah.

Thank you!!!

Regardless of whether god exists or not, we sure do have to be compassionate and just (and kind) to each other, of course.


–ethar hamid (aka Soosa).


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